Complexity Theory

Complexity theory is defined as the study of complexity and of complex systems. In geography, this theory may be applied in various ways. I thought of complexity theory in geography as the complexity of nature and interactions in an environment. For example, plants in an ecosystem: it is very complex with all the many different plants and their roles in the ecosystem. I also see the complexity theory applied in my own environment, for example, at school on campus. When people are leaving their class at the time it ends, I notice every time that students move in clumps as they’re walking out, and then spread out into their own paths. When they get right out of class, its very chaos. Once students take their own route, or path, it gets less chaos.

Self- Regulation in Frederick, MD.

Many people have their own ways of self-regulating. Here, I decided to go grocery shopping for my family and observed others’ actions of self-regulating. I was at the store for about 45 minutes and observed many different things. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, people have taken many different actions, especially in public. While I was in the store, I noticed different social norms. I noticed there were people wearing face masks, there was a certain line you had to stand behind in checkout, no self-serve food, and a plastic wall between the cashier and customer. This was very unusual than normal, but makes sense ini the long run by being cautious for the public. Also as I was shopping I noticed other shoppers were acting extra cautious and wouldn’t stand too close to me in the aisles. From being in the store for a long time, I felt very out of place and felt a large sense of fear from others in the store. Noticing shoppers rushing in and out of the store, seeing fear and sensing fear on their faces and body movements. It almost felt like it was silent but crowded, feeling very hectic, and different from the usual. The sense of fear felt like it was rushing into me. After observing and experiencing this, I got to see how other people use self-regulation through their own actions.


I decided to look back at my freshman year classes, both fall and spring semesters, and observe how many male and female taught my classes. In the fall semester I took four classes. It totaled evenly to two classes were taught by male professors and the other two were taught by female professors. Looking in my spring semester, I took five classes. In those five classes only one male professor taught one class and the other four classes were taught by female professors. Observing this data all together gives a 3:6 ratio. I have observed that I have had more female professors than male professors, overall. As I observed this, I don’t notice a difference because these professors are given the same material to teach students within their department.